To save this word, you'll need to log in. Sarcasm refers to the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say, especially in order to insult someone, or to show irritation, or just to be funny. For example, saying "they're really on top of things" to describe a group of people who are very disorganized is using sarcasm.

Most often, sarcasm is biting, and intended to cause pain. Irony can also refer to the use of words that mean the opposite of what you really want to say; the "they're really on top of things" statement about the very disorganized group of people can also be described as an ironic statement. But irony can also refer to a situation that is strange or funny because things happen in a way that seems to be the opposite of what you expected; for example, it is ironic if someone who was raised by professional musicians but who wanted a very different kind of life then fell in love with and married a professional musician.

What is the plural of sarcasm?

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Sarcasm is what we refer to as a noncount noun "a noun that denotes a homogeneous substance or a concept without subdivisions and that in English is preceded in indefinite singular constructions by some rather than a or an "and has no plural form.

What are some synonyms for sarcasm? Sarcasm shares some semantic territory with a number of other English words, including witreparteeand humor. While most of these are in some way concerned with inducing laughter, sarcasm stands alone in denoting caustic language that is designed to cut or give pain. Examples of sarcasm in a Sentence "That was my favorite show yet this tour," Banks says. I think I accomplish that pretty well. He says nothing.

Send us feedback. Trending: Trump: Statement That Obama Accessed 19 Apr. Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for sarcasm sarcasm. Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.

What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.Sarcasm is when people say something very different often the opposite of what they really mean without intending to deceive e. Some people are more sarcastic than others, as a matter of personality, but sarcasm is very common in general. Typically, it involves:. Compare the first audio clip not sarcastic with the second the same speaker being sarcastic : For more examples, do the exercises!

A speaker may not use a sarcastic tone when being sarcastic with family and friends, because they know each other well enough — they do not require the additional vocal cues to pick up on the fact that the speaker does not believe the literal meaning of the words.

Sarcastic Facial Expressions, Eye Rolls, and Postures In addition to tone of voice, speakers often signal sarcasm through facial expressions: grimacing while saying something that if not sarcastic would otherwise be interpreted positively, or smiling while saying something that if not sarcastic would be interpreted negatively.

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If the sarcasm is intended to express frustration or annoyance, the facial expression, posture, proxemics, etc. Here are some examples of faces that friends of ours made when speaking sarcastically.

These are captured stills from videos in which they were speaking. While the open-mouthed eye roll was an especially common and obvious visual clue, it was not universal.

How Sarcasm Works

Hyperbole in Sarcasm Sarcasm often but not necessarily will be hyperbolic exaggerated beyond reasonablenessjust to emphasize that the speaker is not being literal. It may be the best movie I ever saw!

Sarcasm in Writing Without the tone of voice cues and facial expressions, sarcasm can be much more difficult to detect in written text. Likewise, abbreviations such as jk and lol. Sarcasm can be amusing. Once you have established a habit of being sarcastic-in-a-friendly-way with a particular friend, however, using sarcasm with that person underlines the specialness of your relationship.

In those cases, even sarcasm that might seem hostile to an outside observer may be interpreted within the relationship as friendly teasing. Sarcasm frequently expresses frustration on the part of the speaker, and it can be used to actually aggravate rather than minimize face-threats. If the frustration is directed towards the hearer, it appears to push him or her away. For this reason, the sarcastic tone is sometimes referred to as biting, cutting, sharp, stinging, caustic, scathing, having an edgeetc.

Using Sarcasm in an Argument. THAT makes sense! This not only shows strong disagreement, it implies that you thought what they said was stupid as ridiculous as me being the Queen of England. Be advised, however, that your use of sarcasm in this instance may not make the other person back down, but may instead result in escalation of hostility in the argument: Because you are not taking care with their feelings, they will no longer try to protect yours. This can get very ugly.

You may win the argument or not but also do lasting damage to the relationship. See more about angry arguments in the turn-taking module. Using Sarcasm to Insult. But before you take offense, you might want to think about why someone is behaving this way. Were they having a sale at Walmart?

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These cases are generally pretty easy to identify — typically, the speaker and the target of sarcasm do not have a relationship they care about protecting. If someone you do have a close relationship with is using sarcasm to insult you, it is likely that they are feeling somewhat frustrated with you. They may have been trying to communicate this earlier in more subtle ways, but if you failed to pick up on it, they may now be using sarcasm as a way to increase the intensity of their social signaling.

Using Sarcasm to Establish Power Differences. Like many other features of language, sarcasm can be used to reflect existing power differences or to challenge them.

On the other hand, a child who is snarky or sassy talking back and being sarcastic with a parent or teacher may be seen as challenging their authority. Ditto for an employee using sarcasm with the boss.To save this word, you'll need to log in. Trending: Trump: Statement That Obama Accessed 19 Apr.

Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. What does capricious mean? Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! We have a hard decision to make. Or 'unessential'? And who put it there, anyway? Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.

Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Come look at pictures of baby animals. Can you correctly identify these flowers? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?


Do you know the person or title these quotes describe? Login or Register. Thesaurus sarcasm noun. Save Word.

Log In. Choose the Right Synonym for sarcasm withumorironysarcasmsatirerepartee mean a mode of expression intended to arouse amusement. Keep scrolling for more.You walk outside to leave for work and discover that it's incredibly cold and rainy. Your next-door neighbor is leaving at the same time.

You drive to work, and after parking your car, you begin crossing the street to get to your office building.

The driver rolls down his window and makes a rude gesture at you. When you get inside and sit down at your desk, you notice that one of your co-workers is talking loudly on his phone. When he hangs up, you say, "I think you should talk a little bit louder next time -- the entire office didn't hear it.

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Later that day, you're in the break room talking with other co-workers. One of them says that he's thinking of going to graduate school and then leaves the room. Everyone laughsbecause this co-worker is known for being on the flaky side. What was really going on in each of these exchanges other than the fact that you seem to be having a bad day? The weather wasn't great.

You really weren't grateful to the driver that nearly hit you, and you definitely didn't want your loud co-worker to get any louder.

You didn't think that your other co-worker would do well in graduate school at all. You said the opposite of what you meant, and everyone that you spoke to knew it. All of these instances were examples of sarcasm. In the first two examples, you used understatement to express your disgust and annoyance with the weather and the other driver.

In the third, you made an indirect request of your co-worker. You really wanted to let him know that he was talking too loudly and needs to talk softly the next time he's on the phone, so you said the opposite to emphasize it. The last example is more subtle; on the surface, it seems like a nice thing to say. But your tone of voice showed that you were making fun of your co-worker instead.

Sarcasm can be used in all kinds of ways -- it can express everything from anger to humor. Sarcasm is an example of what some researchers call unplain speakingways of speaking in which what is said differs from what is meant. This category of language also includes forced politeness, ritual language, affectation and speaking in aphorisms. Some people consider sarcasm to be a cruder, "lower" form of irony, or simply a verbal form of irony.

But sarcasm always hinges on the speaker; a person is sarcastic a sarcastbut a situation is ironic. Sarcasm is not deceptive, although not everyone grasps the speaker's true intention. In this article, we'll explore how people indicate that they intend to be sarcastic. We'll see how children learn sarcasm and find out how the brain processes it. Finally, we'll look at some examples of sarcasm in classic literature. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "sarcasm" derives from ancient Greek for "to tear flesh, gnash the teeth, speak bitterly.

Most of the time, when you say something sarcastic, the person that you're speaking to understands your intention. But how? Since they can't rely on the words for the message, listeners pick up on other cues.

When we say something sarcastic, we often use a very specific tone of voice.

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Important elements of spoken sarcasm include intonationor how you vary the pitch of your voice, and stressor how you emphasize certain words. When English speakers express sarcasm with the word "Thanks! Some researchers say that this nasal tone shows a connection between sarcasm and extreme disgust, to the point where the speaker is "expelling something nauseating" and he or she wants to remove it not only from the mouth but also from the nose" [source: Haiman ].Add sarcasm to one of your lists below, or create a new one.

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Idiom sarcasm is the lowest form of wit. Examples of sarcasm. However, their implicit sarcasm maintains the threat of allencompassing alienation. From Cambridge English Corpus. That priests should be no more than barely competent if that in the liturgy was a particular source of humanist sarcasm. These examples are from the Cambridge English Corpus and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.

Speech coded as devaluing is characterized by belittling, criticism, mocking sarcasmor derogatory or condescending language. Talk is cheap: sarcasmalienation, and the evolution of language. The book's darkness, fluttered momentarily by sarcasmpunctured in places by genuine humour or brilliant observation, is at once its triumph and a major problem.

One suspects that all the clerks, related or not, feared the first secretary's lashing tongue : sarcasm and irony could be effective instruments of discipline.When I was a boy, I had a disease that required me to eat dirt three times a day in order to survive It's a good thing my older brother told me about it.

My girlfriend is always stealing my t-shirts and sweaters But if I take one of her dresses, suddenly "we need to talk". My dad died when we couldn't remember his blood type. As he died, he kept insisting for us to "be positive," but it's hard without him.

I want to die peacefully in my sleep, like my grandfather. Not screaming and yelling like the passengers in his car. Pavlov walks into a bar.

Examples of Sarcasm

The phone rings, and he says, "Damn, I forgot to feed the dog. All one liners Choose by topic For special events New one liners. Sarcastic one liners. One liner tags: agefamilyfoodrudesarcastic One liner tags: beautycommunicationlovesarcastic I asked my North Korean friend how it was there, he said he couldn't complain.

One liner tags: attitudecommunicationlifepoliticalsarcastic One liner tags: deathfamilyhealthpunssarcastic One liner tags: carsarcastic My girlfriend was complaining last night that I never listen to her. Or something like that One liner tags: communicationloverudesarcasticwomen Smoking will kill you Bacon will kill you But, smoking bacon will cure it. One liner tags: deathdrugfoodhealthsarcastic My wife just found out I replaced our bed with a trampoline; she hit the roof. One liner tags: deathmarriagesarcastic One liner tags: mensarcasticwomen We use cookies for analytics, advertising and to improve user experience.

You agree by closing this box or continuing to use our site. To find out more see our privacy policy.Sarcasm is "a sharp, bitter, or cutting expression or remark; a bitter gibe or taunt ". Tom piper, an ironicall Sarcasmus, spoken in derision of these rude wits, whych However, the word sarcasticmeaning "Characterized by or involving sarcasm; given to the use of sarcasm; bitterly cutting or caustic", doesn't appear until In its entry on ironyDictionary.

In sarcasm, ridicule or mockery is used harshly, often crudely and contemptuously, for destructive purposes.


It may be used in an indirect manner, and have the form of irony, as in "What a fine musician you turned out to be! Well then thanks for all the first aid over the years! Distinguishing sarcasm from banterand referring to the use of irony in sarcasm, Derek Bousfield writes [9] that sarcasm is:.

The use of strategies which, on the surface appear to be appropriate to the situation, but are meant to be taken as meaning the opposite in terms of face management. That is, the utterance which appears, on the surface, to maintain or enhance the face of the recipient actually attacks and damages the face of the recipient.

John Haiman writes: "There is an extremely close connection between sarcasm and irony, and literary theorists in particular often treat sarcasm as simply the crudest and least interesting form of irony.

First, situations may be ironic, but only people can be sarcastic. Second, people may be unintentionally ironic, but sarcasm requires intention. What is essential to sarcasm is that it is overt irony intentionally used by the speaker as a form of verbal aggression. While Henry Watson Fowler writes:. Sarcasm does not necessarily involve irony. But irony, or the use of expressions conveying different things according as they are interpreted, is so often made the vehicle of sarcasm The essence of sarcasm is the intention of giving pain by ironical or other bitter words.


Its 'like a movie', is one form of sarcasm which has evolved out character tropes. Sarcasm can be making uncertainty seem very certain, in fact, already done and that it was easy to determine. Professionals in psychology and related fields have long looked upon sarcasm negatively, [12] [13] particularly noting that sarcasm tends to be a maladaptive coping mechanism for those with unresolved anger or frustrations. Psychologist Clifford N.


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